Properties of rice and the properties of rice for the health of the body

Properties of rice; 10 incredible properties of rice for body health

The image of a fragrant pilaf that has just come out of the rice cooker is a heartwarming image! Rice is used as a main part of many meals in most parts of the world. More than half of the world’s population feeds on this important grain. Among the health properties of rice are immediate energy supply, regulation and improvement of bowel movements, stabilization of blood sugar levels and reduction of the aging process. Rice is also involved in providing vitamin B1 in the body. Join us, we want to give you more information about the properties of rice.

Properties of rice

Properties of rice

Other properties of rice include boosting metabolism, skin care, aiding digestion, lowering high blood pressure, helping to lose weight, boosting the immune system and protecting against dysentery, cancer and heart disease.

These properties are found in more than forty thousand varieties of this grain. Rice is divided into two main categories: whole grains and white rice. Whole grains of rice, which are raw and pure, have a high nutritional value. But in white rice, bran is separated from the main grain, which reduces its nutritional value. People use different types of grains according to the cooking needs, availability and health properties of rice.

Rice is also divided according to grain length. Long grain rice is used in Asian cuisine, and American countries prefer medium and short grain rice.

1. Energy supply

Other properties of rice include providing energy to the body. Rice is rich in carbohydrates that act as fuel for the body; In addition, it is involved in the normal functioning of the brain. Carbohydrates are converted into functional energy in the body after fueling. Vitamins, minerals and organic matter in rice increase the function and metabolic activity of all organs of the body, which ultimately leads to increased energy levels.

2. Prevent obesity

Other properties of rice include preventing obesity. Rice grains are free of harmful fats, cholesterol and sodium. Rice is also known as an integral part of a proper diet. In fact, any food that provides the body with the nutrients it needs, without having any side effects, is a great health benefit. Very low levels of fat, cholesterol and sodium help reduce obesity and its associated complications.

3. Blood pressure control

The level of sodium in rice grains is very low and therefore very suitable for people with high blood pressure. Too much sodium in the body causes the arteries and arteries to constrict, increasing stress and strain on the cardiovascular system, which eventually leads to high blood pressure. It is also involved in diseases such as atherosclerosis, heart attack and stroke. However, eating foods that do not contain sodium will be good for your health.

4. Cancer prevention

Whole grains of rice, like brown rice, are high in insoluble fiber, which protects the body against various types of cancer. Many scientists and researchers believe that insoluble fiber is vital for the body’s care against the growth and metamorphosis of cancer cells. Fiber is also involved in the fight against colorectal cancer.

The properties of rice are not limited to the fiber in it. Rice contains natural antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin A and many phenolic compounds and flavonoids that have a similar function to antioxidants and help cleanse the body of free radicals. Free radicals are byproducts of cellular metabolism that damage organs and cause healthy cells to mutate into cancer cells. So by eating rice, you can increase the level of antioxidants in your body and prevent cancer.

5. skin care

Medical experts believe that using powdered rice topically can cure skin diseases. Ayurvedic physicians prescribe rice water to effectively treat inflamed skin surfaces. Phenolic compounds in brown and wild rice contain anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties and are also used to relieve itchy skin and redness of the skin. Oral or topical use of rice is effective in relieving many skin diseases. The antioxidants in rice also reduce the appearance of wrinkles on the surface of the skin and other signs of premature aging.

6. Prevent Alzheimer’s

Brown rice contains large amounts of nutrients that stimulate the growth and activity of neurotransmitters and ultimately prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Research has shown that different types of wild rice can stimulate neuroprotective enzymes in the brain that prevent the effects of free radicals and other dangerous toxins (risk factors for Alzheimer’s and dementia).

7. Diuretic and diuretic properties of rice

The diuretic properties of rice husk cause you to expel excess water; In addition it eliminates toxins such as uric acid.

Rice husk acts as an effective medicine for the treatment of dysentery (diarrhea with blood). Some people also believe that quarterly rice husk has diuretic properties. The Chinese believe that rice increases appetite, cures stomach ailments, and helps eliminate all digestive problems.

The diuretic properties of rice husk cause you to expel excess water; In addition it eliminates toxins such as uric acid. Rice husk also helps with weight loss, as about 4% of urine is excreted body fat. The high fiber content of rice husk also increases the regular activity of the intestines and protects the body against a variety of cancers. Another property of rice is that it reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.

8. Improves metabolism

Rice is an excellent source of minerals and vitamins; Vitamin D, calcium, niacin, fiber, iron, thiamine and riboflavin are all present in these valuable seeds. These vitamins form the basis of the body’s metabolism, immune system health and overall function of the body’s organs. We know that vitamins are essential for many activities and functions of the body, and rice is one of the most important sources of these vitamins.

9. Strengthen cardiovascular health

Rice bran oil has antioxidant properties and helps strengthen the cardiovascular system by lowering the body’s cholesterol levels. We have already mentioned the benefits of fiber and low levels of fat and sodium to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system. Different types of wild and brown rice have better performance compared to white rice, because the husk of these grains has a lot of nutrients, which unfortunately, in the process of bleaching rice, is completely separated from the main grains.

10. Eliminate IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

Rice contains resistant starch that, once it reaches the intestines, stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria that help the intestines move normally. These insoluble starches are also effective in reducing the effects of diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome and diarrhea.

According to the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines, the nutritional value of rice should be increased as much as possible so that people around the world can enjoy its benefits. Given that rice is the largest grain in most parts of the world, it can improve the lives of the millions of people who consume it.

Researchers are now trying to increase the micronutrient value of these grains by combining traditional rice cultivation methods with modern biotechnology. They believe that rice cultivation with iron and zinc compounds is possible through bio-enhancement methods. This trend can also lead to high quality products that will naturally be pleasing to farmers and consumers.

11. Other properties of rice

Rice can prevent chronic constipation. The insoluble fiber in rice acts like a smooth sponge that moves easily and quickly along the intestines. Brown rice and whole grains are rich in insoluble fiber. Of course, do not forget that with fiber foods, you should consume more water to be able to eliminate constipation.

It is recommended that people with diabetes use brown rice instead of white rice because it has a lower glucose index. Consuming one serving of brown rice a day can provide all the manganese needed by the body, which is involved in converting carbohydrates and protein into energy. In addition, it helps the nervous system to function better and produce sex hormones.

What is Anbarbo Rice?

Contrary to popular belief, rice is not the only crop in the north of the country. Rice fields are also abundant in the south of the country.

Khuzestan province provides the most rice needed in the country after Gilan and Mazandaran.

In 1998, Khuzestan, with 206,000 hectares of land under rice cultivation, produced 970,000 tons of rice required by the country, the highest figure of which was Anbarbo rice. Anbarbo rice is mainly cultivated in Ahvaz, Baghmalek, Shushtar, Dezful, Khorramshahr, Ramhormoz and Shadegan cities of Khuzestan province, but Shushtar city is usually known for its best type of amber rice.

This rice is 10 years old and its cultivation has started since 1989 and in addition to Khuzestan province, it is also cultivated in the paddy fields of Ilam province (Sirvan and Chardavol), Isfahan, Fars, Lorestan and Khorasan Razavi (Kalat Naderi city). Anbarbo rice fans Many are in Tehran and northern cities and are exported to Iraq.

Types of Anbarbo rice:

1- Sirvan Anbarbo rice:

This rice is cultivated in different areas of Sirvan city of Ilam province, including Sarabkalan, Lorini, Gorab Sofla and Olya, Chegni, Lala, Islamieh, Fatemieh, Shurab Khanali and Hyundai and has a very good quality.

2- Anbarbo Emami rice:

Emami rice is one of the excellent Anbarbo rice types of Shushtar, whose factory was established in 1370 by Bijan Emami and became known by the same name.

Golak is another name for this rice.

This rice is one of the highest quality cultivars of Anbarbo rice that has the lowest amount of broken grains.

What does Anbarbo mean?

In Dehkhoda dictionary, the word amber means a fragrant substance.

In addition, there is a fish called amber in the south, which produces a gray and fragrant substance inside its belly, which is why people in the south call this rice amber because of its pleasant smell.

Is Anbarbo rice the same as Champa rice?

It is said that amber bo rice is one of the types of champa rice and its other name is champa.

But you should note that Champa rice is also grown in the north of the country. In the north, short-grain rice is called Champa.

So when buying amber rice, be sure to cultivate south or north.

Champa rice (Anbarbo) that is cultivated in Shadegan is one of the highest quality and tastiest types of Anbarbo rice.

Features of Anbarbo rice:

It is physically fat and short and does not grow like other Iranian rice after cooking.

It has a lot of aroma and smell, it tastes good and it is liked.

Unlike northern rice, which is usually cold in nature, amber rice has a warm nature.

It is available in half-grains and whole grains, but is usually not a good choice for parties and formal occasions due to its lack of height during cooking.

Its cooking method is different from other Iranian rice.

Properties and benefits of Anbarbo rice:

It is very light and easier to digest and does not turn into belly fat.

Lowers triglycerides and blood pressure.

Suitable for people with severe malnutrition.

Due to its warm nature, it is very suitable for cold-tempered people and minimizes physical and mental illnesses.

Reduces stomach and intestinal irritations.

It is rich in vitamins B and E, fiber and nutrients and minerals.

It yields abundantly in each crop and is resistant to various environmental conditions.

It needs less water than northern rice.

It is often produced organically and no chemical fertilizers or pesticides are used in its cultivation stages.

Its price is lower than other Iranian rice.

Cooking Anbarbo rice:

This rice can be cooked in three ways:

Rice Kata



It is better to cook this rice like other Iranian rice due to preserving its properties and vitamins.

If you prepare this rice as a phloem, it will lose a lot of its aroma.

How to cook Anbarbo rice:

Before cooking, be sure to soak in water for an hour with the desired amount of salt.

Pour water the size of a fingertip above the surface of the rice and put some oil in a pot, preferably Teflon, on the stove.

The gas flame should be high at first, but after the rice boils and the water dries, reduce it and use a flame spreader.

This rice needs less cooking time than other Iranian rice.

Disadvantages and problems of Anbarbo rice:

Due to its short length and lack of height during cooking, it is not suitable for formal gatherings and parties.

The salinization of water in Khuzestan has made the cultivation of this rice difficult.

It has a special and different recipe that can be obtained with several times of experience, so it may not be completely satisfactory in the first cooking experiences.

Lack of proper advertising has caused many people across the country to be unfamiliar with this rice.

How to store Anbarbo rice:

This rice, like other rice, can be stored in a dry place away from sunlight. Its shelf life is about 7 months.

Good rice detection

How to recognize good rice

To distinguish quality rice, put some rice between the palms of your hands and when you release it, you should smell a pleasant smell. Recognizing rice is not an easy task, because the texture of rice is almost the same shape, but in appearance, rice should not have half-grains and fractures.

Rice flavor
Good Iranian rice has a good aroma and taste that distinguishes it from foreign rice as well as high-yield and low-quality Iranian rice. Rice that has a high-yield breed have less aroma than good rice.
To distinguish, put some rice between the palms of your hands and leave it, it should smell good. Of course, some profiteers mistakenly turn the original and fragrant rice into rice and pour some of it in each bag. You will fall. To diagnose this trick, you should also use the rice flavor test, that is, take a few grains of it and die to get rid of the rice powder, then put it in your mouth, if it does not have a pleasant taste, good rice is not.

Uniformity of rice
The grains of a good quality rice are whole and there are no crumbs and half grains in it, but up to 4% is normal in it. The more complete the grains of rice, the better the quality of your rice.

Dryness of rice
Rice has a high humidity at the beginning of the harvest. This amount of rice moisture both makes cooking difficult and makes it difficult to store the rice, making it vulnerable to insects. For this reason, factories use dryers. , Freshly harvested rice is dried to reduce its moisture; The time and temperature of this dryer play an important role in the quality of rice.
Unfortunately, some mills use higher temperatures and shorter times to speed up the drying process, which reduces the quality of the rice.
Well-dried rice, in cooking and brewing, grows well or so-called rye, because because it is dry, it easily absorbs the water in the pot and grows tall. (That’s why you have to be more careful when cooking fresh rice)

Being semi-crystalline
Good Iranian rice has a translucent color or in other words semi-crystalline and does not have the opacity of foreign rice. Indian and Pakistani rice is dark and turbid in color and Iranian rice is white and milky in color.